When buying a scooter, you'll want to look for a motor that can handle the torque your ride requires. This article covers Chain-drive, Hub, and Sensorless BLDC motors. Once you've found the right one for your scooter, you can compare and contrast them to ensure you're getting the most power possible for your money. Choosing the right motor for your scooter will make riding much more fun and less stressful, and it can be as simple as reading the manufacturers' descriptions.
BLDC motors A BLDC motor is a good choice for a scooter's powertrain. It features a dual-direction motor and is made from conductive material such as copper. This type of motor can rotate both clockwise and counter-clockwise, and is also equipped with a mounting bracket that enhances motor stability and reduces friction. A BLDC motor is capable of carrying up to 42A of current without overheating. It also offers high torque and acceleration, and it features an 11-tooth sprocket for increased speed control.
BLDC motors are also more efficient than their brushless counterparts. They are small and lightweight, making them ideal for electric scooters and other applications. In general, BLDC motors can provide 250-500 W of power for pedal-assist e-bikes. The motor's maximum power range is approximately 5 kW, which is more than sufficient to propel an electric scooter. Most scooters come with 48V batteries, but other battery voltages are available. The battery voltage is important in selecting the proper IC.
Chain-drive motors There are two primary types of scooter motors: hub and chain-drive. While hub motors are more powerful and tend to be cheaper, they have a number of disadvantages. Chain-drive motors tend to be heavier and require a complex system of gears and chains. This can lead to fewer problems with your scooter and a longer life expectancy. Hub motors can also be more energy-efficient, allowing you to maximize the power of your scooter without sacrificing its top speed.
Electric scooters with chain-drive motors tend to be noisier than those with belt-drive motors. Some people argue that this noise is beneficial because it alerts other road users that an electric scooter is nearby. In such situations, people in the path of the scooter should move. But for most users, the noise can be a turnoff. Those who find the noise unpleasant should reconsider their purchase. They may want to consider switching over to a belt-driven scooter.
Hub motors When it comes to the choice of motor for a scooter, hub motors are an excellent option. The Italian firm ZEHUS is a leading manufacturer of hub motors, which include all the necessary electrical components and fit into standard size dropouts. These hubs have proven to be a relatively inexpensive method of electrifying an existing scooter design. The ZEHUS motor is a single speed, gearless unit that also utilizes a small battery.
There are two main types of hub motors: gearless and geared. Gearless hub motors propel the scooter forward by directly turning the wheel, while geared models translate movement to the wheel through a gear mechanism. The geared hub motors are better for scooters with lower top speeds, but they tend to have a shorter lifespan and are less energy-efficient. Regardless of the type, however, both types of motors have their pros and cons.
Sensorless BLDC motors A sensorless BLDC motor is a type of BLDC electric scooter motor that doesn't require a conventional dc motor to work. It uses an alternating current to power the rotor. In this design, the rotor is not connected to the stator and the motor starts and stops in a similar manner. This feature is useful in applications where the rotor needs to be turned off and on repeatedly.
To implement sensorless commutation, the motor is designed to have a slow stator field. The commutation signal advances the switching pattern by 120deg and switches to sensorless drive. Sensorless commutation requires a back-EMF sufficient to turn the motor rotor in the desired direction. The motor's rotor is designed to be synchronized to the exiting phases.
Four-stroke engines The two-stroke engine has some significant disadvantages, though some smaller scooters still use it. The four-stroke engine is more efficient, produces fewer emissions, and is far more reliable. The two-stroke engine has other advantages, as well. For example, it will last longer and consume less fuel, but it buzzes more and sounds tinnier.
When comparing the two engine types, it is important to remember that the four-stroke engine has a piston. It makes one complete cycle in which the piston lowers, sucking in fresh air/fuel mixture. On the next stroke, it rises again, compressing the mixture. The combustion process then pushes the piston downward, which completes one cycle. This cycle happens 1000 times in a minute.